Acute Pancreatitis

Acute Pancreatitis


>>Acute pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis is the sudden
inflammation of the pancreas. It can be
very painful and usually means a
stay in the hospital. About 5% of cases are
life-threatening, usually when other
organs are involved. The pancreas is a
digestive system organ that has two
important functions. It produces enzymes
to break down food in the digestive
tract, as well as hormones that
regulate blood sugar. In acute pancreatitis, the
enzymes used to break down food become activated before
they leave the pancreas. These enzymes are so powerful
that they start to attack and digest the
pancreatic tissue. This process is called
“autodigestion.” The most common causes
of acute pancreatitis are heavy alcohol use
and gallstones. Other less common causes
include abdominal trauma, medications,
infections, tumors, and genetic or
anatomical variants. High triglycerides or high
levels of calcium in the blood are also linked to
acute pancreatitis. In some rare cases, the
cause is never discovered. Attacks of acute pancreatitis
are usually sudden and characterized
by intense pain in the center of
the upper abdomen between the belly button
and the chest. The pain radiates
to the back. Sometimes, the pain can be
on the left or right side or even lower down
in the belly. Most people also have
nausea and vomiting and, in some cases,
fever. Blood tests for
pancreatic enzymes can diagnose
acute pancreatitis. The pancreatic enzymes that
are typically elevated when patients have
acute pancreatitis are called “amylase”
and “lipase.” Diagnosis is usually
confirmed by a CT scan. On occasion, MRI or
ultrasound may be used. The radiologist will look to
see if the pancreas is swollen or if there is
abnormal fluid around it. Most people who develop
acute pancreatitis are out of the hospital
in a few days. However, about 1 in 10 cases
are serious enough to affect other organs like
the kidneys and lungs, and may require a longer
stay in the hospital. Sometimes, patients
have to be treated in the intensive
care unit. In very severe cases,
surgery may be required to remove inflamed
parts of the pancreas. If the cause of
acute pancreatitis was related
to gallstones, the gallbladder is
removed surgically. As well, in some patients,
the pancreas becomes so damaged that it no longer
functions properly to make digestive
enzymes. This is called
“pancreatic insufficiency.” Following an episode
of acute pancreatitis, patients are advised
to avoid alcohol and tobacco
consumption, high-fat foods
and triglycerides, and medications that can
put stress on the pancreas. As well, patients are
encouraged to stay well hydrated and to eat of varied
and healthy diet that is rich in fruits
and vegetables.

21 Comments

  1. *Curious comment
    Can author or a well-informed fellow youtuber tell me more in detail, why fruits and vegetables are beneficial for the (pankreas in particular now), whereas high-fat food and triglycerides are less beneficial?
    Tobacco and alcohol as well as meds I understand 🙂

  2. I lost my brother due to acute pancratitis .Dr. has not given proper treatement. is it possible to share the reports ?

  3. It's not always related to booze…I don't and never have drank booze and my life is hell from acute and chronic pamcreatitis. .. painful is an understatement it has destroyed my life one agonizing day at a time

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